So these days websites are created with an intense focus on accessibility which will help the disabled people. Around 15% of people living in the world are disabled. Disability shouldn’t be a reason for anyone to skip a website. So for now this is a checklist all developers look on while developing a website.
So, what actually is Web accessibility?
A disabled person is who is facing a physical or mental condition which limits them to do certain activities. Web Accessibility feature removes those barriers like visual, auditory, cognitive and motor for them in accessing the website. Visual barrier is the user having problems with their eye like colour blindness, partial or complete loss in vision making difficult for them to go through the website. Auditory barrier makes difficult for them with hearing any audio content given in the website. Motor barriers is the user being physically disable making it impossible to navigate the website.
To solve these issues in the website Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) is made with web accessibility. Thereupon they could access the website as well like other normal users. Web development companies follow these accessibility guidelines now while developing websites.
Accommodations for limited mobility, communication impairments, photosensitivity, learning difficulties, cognitive limits, blindness and low vision, deafness and hearing loss, and combinations of these are all covered by the WCAG. There are many standards to guide developers and organizations.
Users just rely on the visuals first than the sound. Which means that the users can use their senses to select content and interface elements.
Users have the right to control buttons, and other interactive elements. It accounts for the usage of assistive technology by people with disabilities, such as voice recognition, keyboards, screen readers, and other devices.
Users apprehend the content, learn it, and remember how to use the site. The website should have a standardized layout with predictable design, usage trends, and a suitable tone.
Users interact with technology easily on the device of their choice and that requires users of varying abilities and conditions to reliably.
Images should have alt text that also in a sentence. The purpose of alt text is to give ideas to the audience, describe the image if the image doesn't get loaded fast or the screen readers should feel like they can visualize the described image.
The links used should be indicative and descriptive. That is rather than just mentioning something like click here or just here, write it in a phrase. This makes everyone easy to understand and notice what the link is about and why it is mentioned here. It is quite simple for users who are blind or visually impaired to understand what a link accomplishes and, consequently, decide whether or not to visit it when screen readers reach a link that is as descriptive as the one shown in the image above.
There must be subtitles for the videos on the website. Transcripts should be there for the audio files for the users with hearing issues in following the audio by reading those texts. Track tag is the tag used in the code for adding subtitles.
There may be people suffering color blindness or some other issues with sight. They have to consider while doing color adjustments on the website. Users may find it difficult to read something or navigate in poor contrast. So make sure if the foreground and background color contrast sync with the buttons, links, images, icons, texts in the websites with that any lighting conditions.
With assistive technologies the site should be navigated easily. To well-formed websites use appropriate html tags. And page titles should be well defined. The designed html page should be properly designed using html by differentiating the header from both main body and footer.